Bone densitometry (DEXA) uses low dose radiation to measure bone loss (usually exam lumbar spine and hips). It is the most common method for diagnosing osteoporosis and evaluation of the risk for of fractures. It is simple, quick and noninvasive.

DEXA examination is highly recommended in following cases:

  • Post-menopausal women.

  • History of hip fracture or smoking.

  • Long-term use of steroids, anti-seizure medications, or high-dose thyroid replacement drugs.

  • Type 1 diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease, hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism or a family history of osteoporosis.

  • X-ray evidence of vertebral fracture or other signs of osteoporosis.

  • Lost more than one inch of height.

  • Unexplained back pain.